Small cell lung cancer is also known as oat cell lung cancer and small cell carcinoma. This type of lung cancer is believed to be caused chiefly by smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke.
Small cell lung cancer cells spread more quickly and are more susceptible to chemotherapy and radiation treatments than large call lung cancer cells. This type of lung cancer is also less common than large cell cancer, accounting for only about 20 percent of all types of lung cancer.
Small cell lung cancer is a highly progressive disease. The cells often form metastases in the lungs and in nearby organs, making it impossible to treat with surgery. The usual treatments for small cell lung cancer include cryosurgery (freezing and destroying the cells), radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
The symptoms of small cell lung cancer include swelling in the neck, pain, tenderness, shortness of breath, and persistent coughing.
Other types of lung cancer:
Small cell lung cancer
Large cell lung cancer
Stages of lung cancer